Black Spruce

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Primary fuel for the wood stoves that keep many of our friends warm in winter. Also a primary tree of the boreal forest. This small one has fallen over recently so you can see how its cones cluster round its top. Its a survival strategy. When a forest fire sweeps through the lower branches, rising heat warms the cones until the resin in them explodes and scatters spruce seeds into the updrafts to be carried away to safety.

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